07 12 / 2013
Great women of science
Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958) - British biophysicist and X-ray crystallographer who made critical contributions to the understanding of the fine molecular structures of DNA, RNA, viruses, coal, and graphite.
Marie Skłodowska-Curie (1867-1934) - Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist, famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity.
Chien-Shiung Wu (1912-1997) - Chinese American physicist with expertise in the techniques of experimental physics and radioactivity.
Émilie du Châtelet (1706-1749) - French mathematician, physicist, and author during the Age of Enlightenment.
Mae Jemison (1956) - American physician and NASA astronaut. She became the first African American woman to travel in space when she went into orbit aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour on September 12, 1992.
Vera Rubin (1928) - American astronomer who pioneered work on galaxy rotation rates. She is famous for uncovering the discrepancy between the predicted angular motion of galaxies and the observed motion, by studying galactic rotation curves.
Ada Lovelace (1815-1852) - English mathematician and writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage’s early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include what is recognised as the first algorithm intended to be processed by a machine. Because of this, she is often described as the world’s first computer programmer.
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11 11 / 2013
Rita Levi Montalcini 1909-2012
Italian neurologist, Rita Montalcini studied at the University of Turin and graduated in 1936. She was discouraged from education by her father, who believed women should only be wives and mothers. Rita refused to marry, much to the benefit of neurology.
In 1938, people of Jewish heritage were banned from teaching or studying in Universities by Mussolini. Rita, who was Jewish, decided to continue studying by setting up a lab in her bedroom, using sharpened sewing needles as surgical instruments. She used a silver staining technique to chart nerve growth. Later she served as a doctor in a refugee camp at WWII’s end.
In 1947, Rita traveled to the United States on invitation based on academic publishings she made. She became a professor in the country and received dual citizenship with the US and Italy. In the US, Rita would do work to earn a Nobel Prize. Rita worked on a nerve growth factor of a chicken cell and a mouse cell. With her partner Stanley Cohen, Rita isolated the nerve growth factor. This discovery led to possible treatments of Alzheimer’s, infertility and cancer. This earned Rita the 1987 Nobel for medicine.
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02 11 / 2013
Elizabeth Roemer 1929-
Elizabeth Roemer is an American astronomer known for her work on comets and asteroids. In 1946 she won the year’s Science Talent Search, boosting her into a successful career in astronomy. In 1964, Elizabeth discovered an asteroid, 1930 Lucifer and in 1975 she discovered 1983 Bok. She retired in 1997. The asteroid 1657 Roemera is named in her honor.
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02 11 / 2013
Heroes & Inspirations: Ladies of Science
As of this writing we have 100 (AMAZING!) Backers, 16 days to go, and are $621 away from our initial funding goal.
We just posted new in progress art to the project, which you can see by clicking the link above. You can also see finished pieces in the Updates Section of the Kickstarter.
What is this project?
Growing up all of my heroes and idols were women. I wanted to be like these women, they showed me what I could do. I loved baseball, but I never looked up to baseball players like I looked up to women like Eleanor Roosevelt. When I wanted to be an astronaut, I knew I could, because Sally Ride did it.
As our world has changed, as I’ve grown, one thing has stayed strong for me, the desire to honor the amazing women who have been my core inspiration. This project is our very nerdy way to do that.
Albert Einstein, with his crazy hair and inspirational quotes, has been the king of the popular scientist. We’d like to change that. Each of the ladies of science we’ll be introducing has just as much claim on the throne as Albert, and each of them can inspire an entire new generation of passionate people to never give up on their dreams.
We are launching our new line of inspirational jewelry with some impressive portraits of some amazing ladies of science. Each portrait is being lovingly created by a fantastically talented lady artist. We’ll be offering the pendants as dog tags, in the style of our other recycled art pendants.
At a time when there is a significant push to get girls and women interested in STEM fields, a project that can give them a tangible connection to women who can be their inspirations, seems so appropriate.
In addition to Ladies of Science we would like to expand the line to include Women of History & Literature. After we meet our initial goal, we can work towards doing just that.
If you want more information on the project please let us know (email@example.com)
Help us spread the word!
Love this idea!!!
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15 10 / 2013
A Day to Remember the First Computer Programmer Was a Woman
In 1842, Ada Lovelace, known as the “enchantress of numbers,” wrote the first computer program. Fast-forward 171 years to today (which happens to be Ada Lovelace Day, for highlighting women in science, technology, engineering and math), and computer programming is dominated by men. Women sof…
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26 9 / 2013
At the beginning of the 20th century, a group of women known as the Harvard Observatory computers helped revolutionize the science of astronomy.
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17 9 / 2013
Women in Science Wednesday!
From 1916 to 1957, Harvard College astronomer Margaret Harwood (1885-1979) directed the Maria Mitchell Observatory on Nantucket Island, and ran its female-founded and female-run nonprofit science education institute. #Groundbreaker
More from Smithsonian Institution Archives: http://s.si.edu/1d5yuGO
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23 8 / 2013
Hilde Mangold (1898 – 1924) was a German embryologist who was best known for her experiments with her graduate advisor Hans Spemann in the 1920s, which was the foundation for her mentor’s 1935 Nobel Prize for the discovery of the organizer. The effect is now known as embryonic induction.
Her remarkable manual dexterity allowed her to perform very delicate experiments with embryos, including one where she removed a small piece of tissue from the embryo of one species of salamander and grafted it onto the embryo of another species.This resulted in the second embryo developing into twins, and was the basis of the discovery of the “organizer”, which is responsible for gastrulation.
Hilde earned her PhD in Zoology. Tragically, Hilde died soon after in a gas heater explosion in her home. After her death, her dissertation was published and her discovery of the organizer eventually earned Spemann a Nobel Prize (in Physiology or Medicine) for discovering the organizer. Though Spemann gave credit to Mangold in his acceptance speech, many believe that he would have shared the prize with her if she had not died. Although she did not receive any awards, her work with newt embryos provided a foundation for the field of experimental embryology.
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19 8 / 2013
Émilie du Châtelet 1706- 1749
Émilie du Châtelet was a French mathematician and physicist. She showed an aptitude for language and math early in life and pursued her studies in an atypical way for women. She quickly mastered four languages and did a substantial amount of work in mathematics. She translated Isaac Newton’s Principia Mathematica, which is still the standard French translation. The work includes her commentary.
Émilie was married at nineteen and had children with her husband. She also had several lovers, including Voltaire. Her affair with the man would last for the rest of her life. Their mental compatibility was the fuel of their relationship. In a letter to a friend Voltaire describes Émilie as “a great man whose only fault was being a woman.” He appreciated and loved Émilie so much, he stayed her close companion even when she became pregnant by another lover. It was after this pregnancy that Émilie would die at the young age of forty-three.
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